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dc.contributor.authorYampolskaya, Sonya-
dc.identifier.citationYampolskaya S. Th e concept of “dead language” as exemplified by Hebrew. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Series 13. Asian Studies. African Studies, 2016, issue 3, pp. 16–30.en_GB
dc.description.abstractThis paper examines the problematic concept of dead language as exemplified by the Hebrew language. The first section presents a brief history of the concept of dead language in European linguistic thought. Originating in Italy of the 15th century, the term became common in European linguistic writings during the 16th to 18th centuries as an epithet for Latin, Ancient Greek and Hebrew. During the Haskala (Jewish Enlightenment) in the 19th century it was adopted by Jewish intellectuals and was current in linguistic controversies throughout the 20th century. Sections 2 and 3 show the key role the label dead as applied to Hebrew played in wide-spread polemics on Jewish language choice in Russia during the first quarter of the 20th century (§ 2) and in the discourse about a Hebrew “revival” in Palestine at the same period (§ 3). Later works on the history of Hebrew published in the 19th and 20th centuries proposed novel conceptualizations but nevertheless followed the idea of the “deadness” of the Hebrew language of previous periods, discussed in § 4. Examples of Hebrew usage which contradict Hebrew’s functioning exclusively as a language of religion and high-level writings are provided in § 5. The last section is a humble attempt to outline a possible direction for a description of Hebrew language history, avoiding the problematic term dead language and other related terms. Refs 69.en_GB
dc.publisherSt Petersburg State Universityen_GB
dc.relation.ispartofseriesVestnik of St Petersburg University. Series 13. Asian Studies. African Studies;Issue 3-
dc.subjectbiological metaphor in linguisticsen_GB
dc.subjectlinguistic terminologyen_GB
dc.subjectdead languageen_GB
dc.subjectHebrew language “revival”en_GB
dc.subjectYiddish languageen_GB
dc.subjectdissolution of diglossiaen_GB
dc.subjecthistory of linguisticsen_GB
dc.titleTh e concept of “dead language” as exemplified by Hebrewen_GB
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